Scared Indian scriptures – The Vedas – were the earliest literary records/mantras in praise of gods, when the Aryans had begun to settle in India. The term \”Veda\” means Wisdom and Vision. It was known as the language of those gods.
Vedas are ancient documents that contain knowledge which revolves around the spiritual aspects of our lives. Knowledge, the essence of which is to regulate the domestic, social, and the Hindu rituals that are practiced meticulously till date.
Among the Hindus, it is strongly believed that the Vedas passed via word of mouth through generations which is why it is assumed that the sages learned the Vedic Hymns from the gods and also that they Vedas were compiled around Lord Krishnas time i.e 1500 BC
There are 4 Vedas, namely:- Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, Atharva Veda
The Rig Veda
The Book Of Mantras – Collection of brilliant hymns and songs and is also the main source of detailed information on social, political and the economics of the Rig-Vedic civilization. The hymns are an entire collection of work done by many authors or Rishis. This collection also consists of – Samhitas (mantras), Suktas (hymns), Ashtakas (songs), Adhyayas (sections). The hymns were dedicated to different gods such as Indra – god of rain, Agni – god of fire, Rudra – god of storm and Soma – god of air.
The Sama Veda
The Book Of Chants – The Hymns in the Sama Veda has been derived from the eighth and ninth books of the original, Rig Veda, do not have lessons or musical notes of its own. It\’s more like an abridged version of the Rig Veda. The Sama Veda was basically meant for priests who performed rituals of life and death and had a certain way the hymns were supposed to be sung. The style of the poetry seemed to be significant, more than its literary content.
The Yajur Veda
Yajur – sacred incantations were chanted only by Adhvaryu – specific sect of priests. Basically, a guidebook for priests to follow while executing sacrificial acts and prayers simultaneously. It is the wisdom of sacrifices, made to fulfill the demands of the ceremonial ritual.
The Book Of Spells – The hymns of the Vedas were traditionally composed by the families of the Atharva sect of the Brahmins. This Veda is completely different from all the other Vedas. With all regard to History and Sociology, it lacks the spiritual experience. These hymns infuse a very different experience due to its diverse nature and simple language.